Before knowing how to guide young children’s behavior positively, a parent must first understand the five basic reasons for a child’s actions:
1. Is this behavior as a result of his/her developmental stage?
2. Is this an individual’s temperament difference?
3. Is the environment causing the behavior?
4. Is my child in a new or unfamiliar situation or facing a new task or problem?
5. Does my child have unmet emotional needs.
Positive guidance focuses on guiding children toward appropriate behavior, rather than simply punishing them for misbehaving.
1. If you are pregnant, make sure you take of yourself.
2. Always protect a baby’s head and neck.
3. Sing, talk, and read to the baby all the time.
4. Gently snuggle, massage, stroke, and cuddle the baby.
5. Make sure children get plenty of opportunities to
practice fine and gross motor skills.
6. Encourage children to put things in a logical order, like
stacking blocks from biggest to smallest.
7. Encourage children to make choices, like which color
shirt they want to wear.
8. Create situations that show children cause and effect.
9. Read stories aloud.
10. Sing songs, play music and lay with musical instruments.
LULAC Head Start wants to help parents, grandparents, and all child care providers succeed in the important job of care giving by sharing information and best practices on early childhood topics such as health, safety, physical, intellectual and emotional development.
Physical development refers to the body.
Cognitive development refers to thinking, intellect, language and communication
Social development refers to how one gets along with others and the world around them
Emotional development refers to feelings (both your feelings and other people’s feelings)
At birth, all of a child’s major organs (the heart, lungs, kidneys) are fully developed except one—the brain! Most of a child’s brain develops after he is born and in the first few years of life. All the experiences a young child has, whether positive or negative, affect brain development and ultimately, a child’s ability to understand language, solve problems and get along with others.
LULAC Head Start Inc. prescribes to the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act [Subtitle B-Education for Homeless Children and Youth], reauthorized in January, 2002. This Act ensures educational rights and protections for children and youth experiencing homelessness.
Students in homeless situations have the right to:
1. Go to school, no matter where they live or how long they have lived there.
2. Get help enrolling and succeeding in school, etc.
3. Stay in the school they went to before becoming homeless or whatever school they were enrolled in last.
4. Get transportation to their school of origin…
5. Go to the school district in the area where are living.
6. Get a written explanation from the school district if it refuses to send students to the school they choose, etc.
7. Have disagreements settled quickly and go to the school they choose while disagreements are settled.
8. Get pre-school services, free or reduced school meals and all educational services available.
9. Go to school with children who are not homeless.
10. Get information and referrals from liaisons, including information about all available educational programs and how
parents can participate, public notice about their rights, and referrals to health, mental health, dental, and other services.
11. Have the opportunity to meet the same high academic achievement standards as all students.
For additional information, call your local homeless liaison at the New Haven Public Schools or the Connecticut State Coordinator for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth or call the U.S. Department of Education’s Education of Homeless Children and Youth Program at 202-401-0113.
10 Tips on Using Positive Guidance:
1. Guide children’s behavior with firmness and kindness.
2. Give children choices. Whenever possible, give children a choice
between at least 2 acceptable options.
3. Give clear, simple directions.
4. Provide a safe and interesting play environment.
5. Set clear limits.
6. Help children successfully transition to new activities.
7. Be consistent.
8. Follow through.
9. Use praise and positive statements often.
10. Take action before a situation gets out of control.
Parents may download a copy of the Promoting Health and Safety by visiting www.chdi.org
1. Play with children every day.
2. Let children make the rules of play an follow their lead.
3. Create a special space in the house our outside for play.
4. Arrange for playtime with other children.
5. Model appropriate play behavior when necessary.
6. Make sure the environment and play activity is safe.
7. Avoid restricting children to typical “boy” or “girl” activities.
8. Play games that encourage cooperation and interaction like
throwing a ball or taking turns, etc.
Play is a critical part of the learning process—it is the work of childhood. When children play, they explore their world, try out new ideas, and discover how to get along with others. Children learn many important skills while playing: problem solving, cooperation, language and math. Through play, children develop self-esteem, self-confidence, curiosity, self-direction, values, strength and coordination. Play gives children an opportunity to test their new skills in a safe and comfortable place.
A major goal of LULAC Head Start is to have an impact on our immediate and Greater New Haven community at large. We seek to impact our community through the following 6 areas: